Groundwater Basics What it Is, Why We Should Value It
January 6, 2017
More than two hundred years ago, Benjamin Franklin said: “When the well runs dry, we shall know the value of water.” This reminds us of the importance of water and especially of groundwater, without which life would be impossible. About 99% of all the freshwater in the world is groundwater. Well drilling services make it possible to access groundwater for both residential and commercial purposes.
The importance of groundwater
The U.S. relies on groundwater for public and private water supplies, irrigation, industry, mining, hydroelectric power, and more. Most groundwater is under the earth’s surface and it is the responsibility of the well owner to make sure that the well does not become a pathway for contamination. Well drilling services can also help well owners to learn how to preserve their water quality and take care of their wells.
It’s impossible to over-emphasize the importance of groundwater, and the need to keep our sources free of pollution and contamination. Even though our planet is mostly made of water, only about 1% of this water is usable. The rest is too salty, or it is locked up in the polar ice caps. On average, an American household uses 100,000 gallons of water a year, counting indoor and outdoor usage.
Each American resident uses about 100 gallons of water each day. As many as 15 million homes in the U.S. have private ground water wells, and access groundwater as their primary source of water.
Well drilling services to access groundwater
For almost all of of our history, humans have used wells to get water. The oldest wells are ten thousand years old. Until about a hundred years ago, well digging was done by hand. Using machines to drill wells allows us to access water at much deeper levels, going down to 1,000 feet.
Modern well drilling services use drill rigs, which are complicated and expensive pieces of equipment. They are often mounted on trucks, and use various instruments to dig through different types of rocks and soil. Rotary drill bits eat through the rock, percussion bits are used to smash rock, and large auger bits are used on soft ground.
Maintenance is the well owner’s responsibility
Well drilling services can provide information on maintenance as well as maintenance and repair services, but the ultimate responsibility lies with the well owner. This includes preventing the entry of surface water and other materials that might pollute and contaminate the well and the underlying aquifer.
If well water has a ” rotten eggs” smell, it may be due to a high concentration of sulfur in the water. Sulfur can corrode the plumbing but the water can be purified before it enters the plumbing system. The best well digging services have a full range of water use related services, including installing water tanks, water well sealing, and sump pump installation.
The entire planet’s reserves of groundwater are estimated to be around 2.78 million trillion gallons. It might sound like a lot, but it’s all we’ve got. As Ben Franklin said, we should value it now, before it’s too late.